Fallacies And Inaccuracies About Venezuelan Migration
It could be said that this incomplete information that is left to roll by large means of global propaganda that more than 2 million people have left Venezuela belongs to the world of post-truth, where there is no truth to clarify, it is worth the redundancy, because it is validated for the news itself. These highly propagated "data" come from a report that was prepared by an NGO called the Observatory of the Voice of the Venezuelan Diaspora with supposed figures from the statistical institutes of the host countries.
The antichavista media Tal Cual assures that more than 4 million people (4,091,717) have emigrated from Venezuela abroad based on a survey of 2 thousand people between November 17 and December 4, 2017, of which the company Consultants 21 makes projections. They claim that almost one third (29%) of Venezuelan families have at least one family member living outside national borders and, on average, almost two people (1.97) have emigrated by nuclear family (father, mother, couple, children or brothers).
When reviewing the website of the UN Population Division, an international organization validated by these same media, it is evident that between 1990 and 2000 about 750 thousand people emigrated from Venezuela and more than 2 million emigrated from 2000 to 2017.
However, immigration between the years 1990 and 2000 was more than 3 million, and after 2000 to 2017 it surpassed 5 million, which made Venezuela the country with the highest reception of immigrants in 2017 after Argentina, with more than 2 million. According to this review, Venezuela received twice as many migrants as Brazil, a country to which UNHCR has offered funds to address the problem of the "Venezuelan exodus".
The following table dismantles the thesis incubated in Miami media that affirm that "90% of the more than 1.5 million Venezuelans living abroad today left the country in the last 16 years".
On the other hand, the World Factbook of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), when classifying the countries of the world according to their net migration rate, places Venezuela in the number one position 143 (-1.2 migrants per 1 thousand inhabitants).
The net migration rate compares the difference between the number of people entering and leaving a country during the year for every 1 thousand people (according to the mid-year population) and, although UN data show that immigration is and it has been consistently greater than emigration, this agency publishes that the net rate of Venezuela is negative.
From the same data from the CIA, it can be seen that nine of the 12 countries of the Lima Group have negative migration rates (more people come out than the one that enters), three of them have rates that are more negative than that of Venezuela: they are Mexico (-1,80), Guatemala (-1.90) and Peru (-2.20). In 2012, the rate, as calculated by the CIA, was equal to zero (0).
As Giuseppe De Corso said last Saturday in the program "La Hojilla" in Venezolana de Televisión: neither the figures of Venezuelan emigration nor the fact that the number of Venezuelans -children of Venezuelans or foreigners- has increased abroad correspond with the matrix of the "exodus", many have fled the difficulties caused by the financial siege to Venezuela that has intensified with the blockade that the Trump Administration has applied, encouraged by the efforts of Julio Borges in coordination with the presidents Santos, Fear, Macri, Kuczinsky and others.
Data on migration have been used to stir up conflicts and make invisible failures of governments that openly face that of Venezuela. According to the CIA, neighboring Guyana is among the countries with the highest rate of emigration. Admiral Kurt Kidd, head of the US Southern Command, told the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate that Venezuelan emigration to countries in the South American region such as Colombia reaches 500 thousand people, 40 thousand to Brazil and 93 thousand to Ecuador. when the UN data is much lower.
A report published by the Colombian Foreign Ministry and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) found that 69% of those who cross the border with Colombia belong to the floating population that lives, works and studies in the border area, while 23% of those who They cross they affirm that they will remain in the country for a few months, and only 5% arrive with the intention of permanently staying.
Between data and projections, they inform that 153 thousand 443 migrants have exceeded the periods of permanence that were allowed, and when they are without a visa they are hired without affiliation to the social security system, which makes them subject to labor exploitation, while migrants that have their legalized immigration status reach 47 thousand 305 people. This reaches an estimated 200 thousand people that would make up 0.4% of the Colombian population that surrounds 50 million inhabitants.
As indicated in the table presented above, the Venezuelan emigration registered by the UN in 2017 was little more than 650 thousand people, of which, says the report, 250 thousand went to Europe, another 250 thousand to North America (Canada and the USA) and 75 thousand to South America approximately. The most wanted destination for Venezuelans in this continent is Colombia with about 50 thousand people, while Colombian immigration to Venezuela reached approximately one million people.
According to the UN Refugee Agency, Colombia has the largest population displaced by conflict and violence, with 7.3 million internally and externally displaced persons registered at the end of 2016, followed by Syria (6.3 million), Sudan (3.3 million), Iraq (3 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (2.2 million). Many of these displaced people come to Venezuela from Colombia. UNHCR itself declared at the end of 2016 that the official number of Colombian refugees in Venezuela was 172,000.
Translated by Paul Antonopoulos.